E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Awareness of medical students about vitamin D deficiency at Ahfad University for women, Sudan

Suad Mohamed Ali, Leena M. A. Salih, Elshazaly Saeed.

Abstract
Vitamin D deficiency is not only associated with rickets and osteomalacia, but also with several chronic diseases, such as cancer, ischaemic heart disease, and type 1and 2 diabetes mellitus. Worldwide, an estimated one billion people suffer from vitamin D deficiency. The prevalence of this problem is unknown in Sudan due to scarcity of research in this particular area of concern. The present study aimed to assess the awareness of vitamin D deficiency through the knowledge of the importance of vitamin D, the link to diseases, vitamin D resources and the importance of dietary supplements, in addition to assessing the sun exposure habits in a sample of female Sudanese medical students. It is a descriptive cross-sectional community-based study, conducted at Ahfad University for Women, Omdurman, Sudan. More than half (56 %) of the participants were aged 21–25 years and 30% were in the second academic class. The majority of the participants were aware of the importance of vitamin D; however, the awareness of relating it to the chronic diseases was poor. Overall, 61.9% declared that vitamin D supplementation is important, and sun exposure habits were good (64.5% didn’t use sunblock and 87.6% get exposed for more than 10 minutes/day). There was significant association between the age categories and exposure to the sun without sunblock on a daily basis (p value = 0.007).

Key words: Vitamin D; Awareness; Sunblock; Medical students; Ahfad University for Women; Sudan.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ali SM, Salih LMA, Saeed E. Awareness of medical students about vitamin D deficiency at Ahfad University for women, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2019; 19(2): 117-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1574764595


Web Style

Ali SM, Salih LMA, Saeed E. Awareness of medical students about vitamin D deficiency at Ahfad University for women, Sudan. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=75441 [Access: February 28, 2020]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1574764595


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ali SM, Salih LMA, Saeed E. Awareness of medical students about vitamin D deficiency at Ahfad University for women, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2019; 19(2): 117-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1574764595



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ali SM, Salih LMA, Saeed E. Awareness of medical students about vitamin D deficiency at Ahfad University for women, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. (2019), [cited February 28, 2020]; 19(2): 117-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1574764595



Harvard Style

Ali, S. M., Salih, . L. M. A. & Saeed, . E. (2019) Awareness of medical students about vitamin D deficiency at Ahfad University for women, Sudan. Sudan J Paed, 19 (2), 117-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1574764595



Turabian Style

Ali, Suad Mohamed, Leena M. A. Salih, and Elshazaly Saeed. 2019. Awareness of medical students about vitamin D deficiency at Ahfad University for women, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 19 (2), 117-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1574764595



Chicago Style

Ali, Suad Mohamed, Leena M. A. Salih, and Elshazaly Saeed. "Awareness of medical students about vitamin D deficiency at Ahfad University for women, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 19 (2019), 117-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1574764595



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ali, Suad Mohamed, Leena M. A. Salih, and Elshazaly Saeed. "Awareness of medical students about vitamin D deficiency at Ahfad University for women, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 19.2 (2019), 117-125. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1574764595



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ali, S. M., Salih, . L. M. A. & Saeed, . E. (2019) Awareness of medical students about vitamin D deficiency at Ahfad University for women, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 19 (2), 117-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1574764595





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