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Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection

Mutasim I. Khalil, Mustafa A. Salih, Ali A. Mustafa.

Abstract
Due to its high linoleic acid concentration (41%), sesame oil has been proposed to have the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection, which was characterised by the World Health Organization as a pandemic in March 2020. Unsaturated fatty acids, in general, are active against some enveloped viruses, like COVID-19 coronavirus, due to the incorporation of the fatty acid into the lipid membrane of the viral envelope causing destabilisation of its bilayer. Broad beans (Vicia faba), grown in Northern Sudan, proved to incorporate high content of unsaturated fatty acids and in particular linoleic acid (46.41%). It forms a traditional meal in Sudan and in several Middle East countries. Hence, it is here recommended to be taken as the main meal in combination with sesame oil, as it is commonly practiced in Sudan. Theoretically, it has the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infections. This proposal needs to be confirmed by further experimental and clinical research.

Key words: COVID-19 coronavirus; Broad beans; Vicia faba; Fatty acids; Linoleic acid.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khalil MI, Salih MA, Mustafa AA. Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection. Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 10-12. doi:10.24911/SJP.1061585398078


Web Style

Khalil MI, Salih MA, Mustafa AA. Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=95493 [Access: August 13, 2020]. doi:10.24911/SJP.1061585398078


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khalil MI, Salih MA, Mustafa AA. Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection. Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 10-12. doi:10.24911/SJP.1061585398078



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khalil MI, Salih MA, Mustafa AA. Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection. Sudan J Paed. (2020), [cited August 13, 2020]; 20(1): 10-12. doi:10.24911/SJP.1061585398078



Harvard Style

Khalil, M. I., Salih, . M. A. & Mustafa, . A. A. (2020) Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection. Sudan J Paed, 20 (1), 10-12. doi:10.24911/SJP.1061585398078



Turabian Style

Khalil, Mutasim I., Mustafa A. Salih, and Ali A. Mustafa. 2020. Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 20 (1), 10-12. doi:10.24911/SJP.1061585398078



Chicago Style

Khalil, Mutasim I., Mustafa A. Salih, and Ali A. Mustafa. "Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 20 (2020), 10-12. doi:10.24911/SJP.1061585398078



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khalil, Mutasim I., Mustafa A. Salih, and Ali A. Mustafa. "Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 20.1 (2020), 10-12. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.1061585398078



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khalil, M. I., Salih, . M. A. & Mustafa, . A. A. (2020) Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 20 (1), 10-12. doi:10.24911/SJP.1061585398078





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