E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Knowledge, attitude and practice of iodized salt use in Al- Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas, Khartoum, Sudan

Amani Abdelrahman, Lubna M. A. Salih, Elshazaly Saeed.

Abstract
Iodine deficiency and subsequent iodine deficiency disorders have been a longstanding problem in many areas of the world including Sudan, and still remains as the leading cause of preventable brain damage. According to the Sudan Household Health Survey, in 2006 the consumption of iodized salt in Sudan was 11%, only to deteriorate later on in 2011 to 9.5%. This is a descriptive cross sectional study which uses self-administered questionnaires to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding the use of iodized salt in two different areas, Al-Riyadh and Al-Ozozab, Khartoum City, Sudan. Another objective of the study is to find out if other factors like
socioeconomic status, educational level, consumption of goitrogens, and availability of iodized salt play a role in affecting iodized salt consumption. History of goiter was also identified in the participants. From total of 152 participants selected from Al-Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas (50% from each) there were 87 (57 %) females. Participants from Al-Riyadh had a higher educational and income level than those from Al-Ozozab. The majority of the participants from Al-Riyadh and Al-Ozozab (65 % and 57 %, respectively) did not hear about iodized salt. There was a statistically significant association between the educational level and buying iodized salt (p-value=0.014), but no significant association between the income and buying iodized salt (p-value = 0.23). Also there was no significant association between iodized salt consumption and presence of goiter among the participants from Al-Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas (p-value = 0.673).

Key words: Iodine deficiency; Goiter; Iodized salt; Knowledge; Consumption; Khartoum State; Sudan.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Abdelrahman A, Salih LMA, Saeed E. Knowledge, attitude and practice of iodized salt use in Al- Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas, Khartoum, Sudan. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1582985547


Web Style

Abdelrahman A, Salih LMA, Saeed E. Knowledge, attitude and practice of iodized salt use in Al- Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas, Khartoum, Sudan. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=89829 [Access: May 02, 2020]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1582985547


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abdelrahman A, Salih LMA, Saeed E. Knowledge, attitude and practice of iodized salt use in Al- Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas, Khartoum, Sudan. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1582985547



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abdelrahman A, Salih LMA, Saeed E. Knowledge, attitude and practice of iodized salt use in Al- Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas, Khartoum, Sudan. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1582985547



Harvard Style

Abdelrahman, A., Salih, . L. M. A. & Saeed, . E. (2020) Knowledge, attitude and practice of iodized salt use in Al- Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas, Khartoum, Sudan. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1582985547



Turabian Style

Abdelrahman, Amani, Lubna M. A. Salih, and Elshazaly Saeed. 2020. Knowledge, attitude and practice of iodized salt use in Al- Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas, Khartoum, Sudan. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1582985547



Chicago Style

Abdelrahman, Amani, Lubna M. A. Salih, and Elshazaly Saeed. "Knowledge, attitude and practice of iodized salt use in Al- Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas, Khartoum, Sudan." doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1582985547



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abdelrahman, Amani, Lubna M. A. Salih, and Elshazaly Saeed. "Knowledge, attitude and practice of iodized salt use in Al- Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas, Khartoum, Sudan." doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1582985547



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abdelrahman, A., Salih, . L. M. A. & Saeed, . E. (2020) Knowledge, attitude and practice of iodized salt use in Al- Riyadh and Al-Ozozab areas, Khartoum, Sudan. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1582985547





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