E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


Maternal and neonatal iodine status in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India

Nayan Baba Pelala, Vishakh Radakrishna, Vipul Kolekar, Rathika D. Shenoy.

Abstract
This study was designed to assess iodine status of mother-fetus dyad by estimation of spot urine iodine concentration (UIC) in the study district. It is a cross-sectional study of 250 pregnant women with euthyroid status and their term neonates residing in Dakshina Kannada district. Neonates with foetal growth restriction or requiring intensive care were excluded. Median UIC was quantified using modified Sandell–Kolthoff reaction by microplate method. World Health Organization (WHO) classification was used to categorise the iodine status of pregnant women. Among 250 pregnant women, the majority were primigravida (38%). Median maternal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) was 1.54 mIU/l, and median UIC was 352 mcg/l. Urine iodine levels were insufficient (<150 mcg/l) in 1.2% (n = 3), adequate (150–249 mcg/l) in 9.2% (n = 23) and above requirement (250–499 mcg/l) in 89.6% (n = 224); none had excess (> 500 mcg/l). Median birth weight was 3,000 g and head circumference was 34 cm. Median cord blood TSH was 8.1 mIU/l, and median UIC 344.5 mcg/l. All the newborns had adequate (> 100 mcg/l) iodine status, including those born to mothers with insufficient values. Maternal and newborn median UIC showed positive correlation (r = 0.139; p = 0.028). Iodine statuses were above requirement or adequate in pregnant women from the study district and their neonates, respectively, indicating successful salt iodisation.

Key words: Euthyroid; Salt iodisation; Sandell–Kolthoff; Thyroid stimulating hormone.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Pelala NB, Radakrishna V, Kolekar V, Shenoy RD. Maternal and neonatal iodine status in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India. Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 20-25. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1562321787


Web Style

Pelala NB, Radakrishna V, Kolekar V, Shenoy RD. Maternal and neonatal iodine status in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=55540 [Access: August 14, 2020]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1562321787


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Pelala NB, Radakrishna V, Kolekar V, Shenoy RD. Maternal and neonatal iodine status in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India. Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 20-25. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1562321787



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Pelala NB, Radakrishna V, Kolekar V, Shenoy RD. Maternal and neonatal iodine status in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India. Sudan J Paed. (2020), [cited August 14, 2020]; 20(1): 20-25. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1562321787



Harvard Style

Pelala, N. B., Radakrishna, . V., Kolekar, . V. & Shenoy, . R. D. (2020) Maternal and neonatal iodine status in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India. Sudan J Paed, 20 (1), 20-25. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1562321787



Turabian Style

Pelala, Nayan Baba, Vishakh Radakrishna, Vipul Kolekar, and Rathika D. Shenoy. 2020. Maternal and neonatal iodine status in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 20 (1), 20-25. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1562321787



Chicago Style

Pelala, Nayan Baba, Vishakh Radakrishna, Vipul Kolekar, and Rathika D. Shenoy. "Maternal and neonatal iodine status in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 20 (2020), 20-25. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1562321787



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Pelala, Nayan Baba, Vishakh Radakrishna, Vipul Kolekar, and Rathika D. Shenoy. "Maternal and neonatal iodine status in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 20.1 (2020), 20-25. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1562321787



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Pelala, N. B., Radakrishna, . V., Kolekar, . V. & Shenoy, . R. D. (2020) Maternal and neonatal iodine status in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka, India. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 20 (1), 20-25. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1562321787





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