E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


Neuroblastoma in Sudan: experience of a single institute

Nada Osman Yousif Elhaj, Faisal Abdelgalil Nugud, Omer AbdElhadi Abuagla, Ahmed Abdallah Mohamedani, Huda Mohamed Haroun.

Abstract
Neuroblastoma (NBL) is the most common malignant solid extracranial tumour in children. It accounts for about 8%–10% of overall childhood malignancies in developed countries and only 1%–3% in developing countries. We aim to study the clinical presentation and outcome of NBL in children treated at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), University of Gezira, Wad Madani, Sudan. This is a retrospective, descriptive, hospital-based study, where patients’ records were reviewed from the years 2004–2015. During this period, 38 paediatric patients were treated in the Paediatric Oncology Unit at the NCI, accounting for about 4% of the overall childhood malignancies. Of them, 24 (63%) were males and 14 (37%) were females with a ratio of 1.7: 1. The age at presentation ranged between 2 months and 7 years with a mean age at the presentation of 3 years. Twenty-nine (76%) of them were classified as high-risk disease, no one received highdose chemotherapy, 33(87%) died and only 5 (13%) achieved complete remission. This study reflects the poor outcome of NBL among Sudanese children which can be explained by the late presentation of the patients, lack of the diagnostic modalities and lack of the sophisticated treatment modalities for highrisk NBL.

Key words: Neuroblastoma; Child, Outcome; Sudan.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Elhaj NOY, Nugud FA, Abuagla OA, Mohamedani AA, Haroun HM. Neuroblastoma in Sudan: experience of a single institute. Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(2): 122-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1570515379


Web Style

Elhaj NOY, Nugud FA, Abuagla OA, Mohamedani AA, Haroun HM. Neuroblastoma in Sudan: experience of a single institute. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=68758 [Access: August 13, 2020]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1570515379


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Elhaj NOY, Nugud FA, Abuagla OA, Mohamedani AA, Haroun HM. Neuroblastoma in Sudan: experience of a single institute. Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(2): 122-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1570515379



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Elhaj NOY, Nugud FA, Abuagla OA, Mohamedani AA, Haroun HM. Neuroblastoma in Sudan: experience of a single institute. Sudan J Paed. (2020), [cited August 13, 2020]; 20(2): 122-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1570515379



Harvard Style

Elhaj, N. O. Y., Nugud, . F. A., Abuagla, . O. A., Mohamedani, . A. A. & Haroun, . H. M. (2020) Neuroblastoma in Sudan: experience of a single institute. Sudan J Paed, 20 (2), 122-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1570515379



Turabian Style

Elhaj, Nada Osman Yousif, Faisal Abdelgalil Nugud, Omer AbdElhadi Abuagla, Ahmed Abdallah Mohamedani, and Huda Mohamed Haroun. 2020. Neuroblastoma in Sudan: experience of a single institute. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 20 (2), 122-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1570515379



Chicago Style

Elhaj, Nada Osman Yousif, Faisal Abdelgalil Nugud, Omer AbdElhadi Abuagla, Ahmed Abdallah Mohamedani, and Huda Mohamed Haroun. "Neuroblastoma in Sudan: experience of a single institute." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 20 (2020), 122-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1570515379



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Elhaj, Nada Osman Yousif, Faisal Abdelgalil Nugud, Omer AbdElhadi Abuagla, Ahmed Abdallah Mohamedani, and Huda Mohamed Haroun. "Neuroblastoma in Sudan: experience of a single institute." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 20.2 (2020), 122-125. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1570515379



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Elhaj, N. O. Y., Nugud, . F. A., Abuagla, . O. A., Mohamedani, . A. A. & Haroun, . H. M. (2020) Neuroblastoma in Sudan: experience of a single institute. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 20 (2), 122-125. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1570515379





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