E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


Maternal depression, a hidden predictor for severe acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months: a case-control study at Omdurman Paediatrics Teaching Hospital, Sudan

Arwa S. A. Mohammedahmed, Abubaker Emadeldin Adlan Koko, Ali M. E. Arabi, Mohamed A. Ibrahim.

Abstract
Malnutrition remains one of the main disabling issues in child health, especially in developing countries. Maternal depression by its related disabilities has been linked with children undernutrition in the studies abroad. Unfortunately, not much is known regarding this issue in Sudan, so this study aims to examine the association between maternal depression and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children under 5 years of age. A matched case-control study was conducted in Omdurman Paediatrics Teaching Hospital. Children admitted with SAM were assigned as cases, whereas controls were age- and sex-matched children with normal weight and height admitted in the same hospital. Mothers of both cases and controls were assessed for depression utilising the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 tool. The prevalence of depression among mothers of malnourished children was high (41.5%) compared to the mothers of controls (19.1%). In multivariate logistic regression analyses, the adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of maternal depression were markedly higher in cases than in controls (AOR = 3.09, p = 0.002), as was the odds of below 1-year breastfeeding weaning (AOR = 18.60, p = 0.006) and mother illiteracy (AOR = 2.42 p = 0.031). Furthermore, the analysis found a significant negative association between the occurrence of malnutrition and exclusive breastfeeding (AOR = 0.43, p = 0.015). Maternal depression carries a significant burden in the mothers of children hospitalised with SAM. We strongly recommend routine screening and treatment for depression in childbearing age mothers in the available relative maternal and child health clinics.

Key words: Severe acute malnutrition; Children under 5 years; Maternal depression; Sudan.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mohammedahmed ASA, Koko AEA, Arabi AME, Ibrahim MA. Maternal depression, a hidden predictor for severe acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months: a case-control study at Omdurman Paediatrics Teaching Hospital, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(2): 111-121. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590606922


Web Style

Mohammedahmed ASA, Koko AEA, Arabi AME, Ibrahim MA. Maternal depression, a hidden predictor for severe acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months: a case-control study at Omdurman Paediatrics Teaching Hospital, Sudan. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=110534 [Access: August 13, 2020]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590606922


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohammedahmed ASA, Koko AEA, Arabi AME, Ibrahim MA. Maternal depression, a hidden predictor for severe acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months: a case-control study at Omdurman Paediatrics Teaching Hospital, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(2): 111-121. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590606922



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohammedahmed ASA, Koko AEA, Arabi AME, Ibrahim MA. Maternal depression, a hidden predictor for severe acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months: a case-control study at Omdurman Paediatrics Teaching Hospital, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. (2020), [cited August 13, 2020]; 20(2): 111-121. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590606922



Harvard Style

Mohammedahmed, A. S. A., Koko, . A. E. A., Arabi, . A. M. E. & Ibrahim, . M. A. (2020) Maternal depression, a hidden predictor for severe acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months: a case-control study at Omdurman Paediatrics Teaching Hospital, Sudan. Sudan J Paed, 20 (2), 111-121. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590606922



Turabian Style

Mohammedahmed, Arwa S. A., Abubaker Emadeldin Adlan Koko, Ali M. E. Arabi, and Mohamed A. Ibrahim. 2020. Maternal depression, a hidden predictor for severe acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months: a case-control study at Omdurman Paediatrics Teaching Hospital, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 20 (2), 111-121. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590606922



Chicago Style

Mohammedahmed, Arwa S. A., Abubaker Emadeldin Adlan Koko, Ali M. E. Arabi, and Mohamed A. Ibrahim. "Maternal depression, a hidden predictor for severe acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months: a case-control study at Omdurman Paediatrics Teaching Hospital, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 20 (2020), 111-121. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590606922



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohammedahmed, Arwa S. A., Abubaker Emadeldin Adlan Koko, Ali M. E. Arabi, and Mohamed A. Ibrahim. "Maternal depression, a hidden predictor for severe acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months: a case-control study at Omdurman Paediatrics Teaching Hospital, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 20.2 (2020), 111-121. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590606922



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohammedahmed, A. S. A., Koko, . A. E. A., Arabi, . A. M. E. & Ibrahim, . M. A. (2020) Maternal depression, a hidden predictor for severe acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months: a case-control study at Omdurman Paediatrics Teaching Hospital, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 20 (2), 111-121. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590606922





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