E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Research 


The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali.

Abstract
Low birth weight is a known comorbidity of congenital heart disease (CHD). This study examines the relationship between CHD and birth weight of singletons, while attempting to remove factors that influence birth weight, and assesses the impact of CHD on growth in later life. The main objective is to study the relationship between birthweight and CHD. This is a cross-sectional study of 141 samples,
covering all patients who were referred to the Paediatric Echocardiography Lab at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre between September and October 2016. Infants with genetic syndromes or other major extracardiac abnormalities were excluded. The findings of this study clearly demonstrate that infants with CHD are more likely to be of low birth weight than the general Sudanese population, by a factor of 2.6. Of the sample, 31.9% were born with low or very low birthweight. The mean birth weight of the cases was 2.59 kg, which is 17.3% and 542.4 g less than the national average. CHD that cause a decrement in birth weight in a descending order of severity were atrial septal defect (−721 g/23%), patent ductus arteriosus (−669 g/21%), ventricular septal defect (−610 g/19%), pulmonary stenosis (−548 g/13%) and tetralogy of Fallot (248 g/8%). Pre/postnatal growth impairment is a common feature among children with CHD. No statistically significant relationship was found between the degree of birth weight/weight to age decrement and the specific type of hemodynamic disturbance. Our results are comparable to other studies that have been undertaken. However, Sudanese patients display larger birthweight deficits than other populations.

Key words: Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre; Birth weight; Congenital heart disease; Echocardiography; Sudan


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali
Articles by Osama Hafiz Elshazali
Articles by Hafiz Elshazali
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3644
Downloaded: 512


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6


Web Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=276901 [Access: April 02, 2020]. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. (2017), [cited April 02, 2020]; 17(2): 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Harvard Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali (2017) The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed, 17 (2), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Turabian Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. 2017. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 17 (2), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Chicago Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. "The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 17 (2017), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. "The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 17.2 (2017), 49-55. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali (2017) The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 17 (2), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6





Most Viewed Articles
  • Rheumatic heart disease in North Darfur: an alarmingly high burden and control initiative
    Nagwa Salih, Ishag Eisa, Daresalam Ishag, Intisar Ibrahim, Sulafa Ali
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 24-27
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.4

  • Evaluation of Science. [eng]
    Adnan Mahmmood Usmani; Sultan Ayoub Meo
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(1): 6-7
    » Abstract

  • Blood tests are not always helpful in predicting bacterial meningitis in children.
    Taha I Yousif, Katie O'Reilly, Montasser Nadeem
    Sudan J Paed. 2016; 16(2): 77-79
    » Abstract

  • X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (PHEX mutation): A case report and literature review.
    Badi Alenazi, M A Maleque Molla, Abdullah Alshaya, Mahmoud Saleh
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(1): 61-65
    » Abstract

  • Commitment to the wellbeing of children worldwide. [eng]
    Mustafa Abdalla M Salih; Satti Abdelrahim Satti
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(2): 4-5
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • Inborn errors of metabolism associated with hyperglycaemic ketoacidosis and diabetes mellitus: narrative review
    Majid Alfadhel, Amir Babiker
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 10-23
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.3

  • Why mothers are not exclusively breast feeding their babies till 6 months of age? Knowledge and practices data from two large cities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Hafsa Raheel, Shabana Tharkar
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 28-38
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.5

  • Severe desquamation in Kawasaki disease: Is it somehow protective?
    Jubran Theeb Alqanatish, Amir Babiker
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 56-59
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.7

  • Burosumab - a new drug to treat hypophosphatemic rickets
    Stepan Kutilek, Amir Babiker, Badi Alenazi
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 71-73
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.11

  • Ethical considerations about changing parental attitude towards end-of-life care in twins with lethal disease
    Mohamad-Hani Temsah
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 76-82
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.11

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Commitment to the wellbeing of children worldwide. [eng]
    Mustafa Abdalla M Salih; Satti Abdelrahim Satti
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(2): 4-5
    » Abstract
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Anti-diabetic medications: How to make a choice?
    Amir Babiker, Mohammed Al Dubayee
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 11-20
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.12
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burosumab - a new drug to treat hypophosphatemic rickets
    Stepan Kutilek, Amir Babiker, Badi Alenazi
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 71-73
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.11
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Pattern of malaria in hospitalized children in Khartoum state
    Hasan Awadalla Hashim, Eltigani Mohamed Ahmed Ali
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 35-41
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.4
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Inborn errors of metabolism associated with hyperglycaemic ketoacidosis and diabetes mellitus: narrative review
    Majid Alfadhel, Amir Babiker
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 10-23
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.3
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]