E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Research 


The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali.

Abstract
Low birth weight is a known comorbidity of congenital heart disease (CHD). This study examines the relationship between CHD and birth weight of singletons, while attempting to remove factors that influence birth weight, and assesses the impact of CHD on growth in later life. The main objective is to study the relationship between birthweight and CHD. This is a cross-sectional study of 141 samples,
covering all patients who were referred to the Paediatric Echocardiography Lab at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre between September and October 2016. Infants with genetic syndromes or other major extracardiac abnormalities were excluded. The findings of this study clearly demonstrate that infants with CHD are more likely to be of low birth weight than the general Sudanese population, by a factor of 2.6. Of the sample, 31.9% were born with low or very low birthweight. The mean birth weight of the cases was 2.59 kg, which is 17.3% and 542.4 g less than the national average. CHD that cause a decrement in birth weight in a descending order of severity were atrial septal defect (−721 g/23%), patent ductus arteriosus (−669 g/21%), ventricular septal defect (−610 g/19%), pulmonary stenosis (−548 g/13%) and tetralogy of Fallot (248 g/8%). Pre/postnatal growth impairment is a common feature among children with CHD. No statistically significant relationship was found between the degree of birth weight/weight to age decrement and the specific type of hemodynamic disturbance. Our results are comparable to other studies that have been undertaken. However, Sudanese patients display larger birthweight deficits than other populations.

Key words: Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre; Birth weight; Congenital heart disease; Echocardiography; Sudan


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali
Articles by Osama Hafiz Elshazali
Articles by Hafiz Elshazali
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 811
Downloaded: 221
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6


Web Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=276901 [Access: December 10, 2018]. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. (2017), [cited December 10, 2018]; 17(2): 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Harvard Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali (2017) The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed, 17 (2), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Turabian Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. 2017. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 17 (2), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Chicago Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. "The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 17 (2017), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. "The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 17.2 (2017), 49-55. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali (2017) The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 17 (2), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6





Most Viewed Articles
  • Blood tests are not always helpful in predicting bacterial meningitis in children. [eng]
    Taha I Yousif; Katie O'Reilly; Montasser Nadeem
    Sudan J Paed. 2016; 16(2): 77-79
    » Abstract

  • Evaluation of Science. [eng]
    Adnan Mahmmood Usmani; Sultan Ayoub Meo
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(1): 6-7
    » Abstract

  • Commitment to the wellbeing of children worldwide. [eng]
    Mustafa Abdalla M Salih; Satti Abdelrahim Satti
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(2): 4-5
    » Abstract

  • X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (PHEX mutation): A case report and literature review. [eng]
    Badi Alenazi; M A Maleque Molla; Abdullah Alshaya; Mahmoud Saleh
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(1): 61-65
    » Abstract

  • About the Cover. [eng]

    Sudan J Paed. 2016; 16(2): i-i
    » Abstract

  • The Editors of Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics would like to thank. [eng]

    Sudan J Paed. 2016; 16(2): 99-99
    » Abstract

  • Four decades of the Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics and milstones. [eng]
    Mustafa Abdalla M Salih; Mohammed Osman Swar
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(1): 5-9
    » Abstract

  • The nature and prevalence of psychiatric disorders in a Sudanese juvenile correctional facility. [eng]
    Ayaa Siddig Abdelrahman Ali; Mohamed Ali Awadelkarim
    Sudan J Paed. 2016; 16(2): 28-40
    » Abstract

  • Bartter syndrome associated with nephropathic cystinosis. [eng]
    Nader M Osman; Ali Al Sanosi
    Sudan J Paed. 2016; 16(2): 93-98
    » Abstract

  • A new horizon for the Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics. [eng]
    Mustafa Abdalla M Salih; Satti Abdelrahim Satti
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(1): 4-5
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • Inborn errors of metabolism associated with hyperglycaemic ketoacidosis and diabetes mellitus: narrative review
    Majid Alfadhel, Amir Babiker
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 10-23
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.3

  • Burosumab - a new drug to treat hypophosphatemic rickets
    Stepan Kutilek, Amir Babiker, Badi Alenazi
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 71-73
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.11

  • Article authored by three generations: International lifetime commitment to child health
    Mustafa Abdalla M Salih, Mohammed Osman Swar
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 5-10
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.1

  • Why mothers are not exclusively breast feeding their babies till 6 months of age? Knowledge and practices data from two large cities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Hafsa Raheel, Shabana Tharkar
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 28-38
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.5

  • Ethical considerations about changing parental attitude towards end-of-life care in twins with lethal disease
    Mohamad-Hani Temsah
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 76-82
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.11

  • Severe desquamation in Kawasaki disease: Is it somehow protective?
    Jubran Theeb Alqanatish, Amir Babiker
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 56-59
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.7

  • Anti-diabetic medications: How to make a choice?
    Amir Babiker, Mohammed Al Dubayee
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 11-20
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.12

  • Medical education and services in an extreme environment
    Mustafa Abdalla M. Salih, Mohammed Osman Swar
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 2-5
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.1

  • Congenital brain malformations in Sudanese children: an outpatient-based study
    Inaam Noureldyme Mohammed, Soad Abdalaziz Suliman, Maha A Elseed, Ahlam Abdalrhman Hamed, Mohamed Osman Babiker, Shaimaa Osman Taha
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 48-56
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.7

  • The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan
    Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 49-55
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Commitment to the wellbeing of children worldwide. [eng]
    Mustafa Abdalla M Salih; Satti Abdelrahim Satti
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(2): 4-5
    » Abstract
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Evaluation of Science. [eng]
    Adnan Mahmmood Usmani; Sultan Ayoub Meo
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(1): 6-7
    » Abstract
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Burosumab - a new drug to treat hypophosphatemic rickets
    Stepan Kutilek, Amir Babiker, Badi Alenazi
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 71-73
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.11
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]