E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
09 / 02 / 2023

 


Echocardiographic surveillance of rheumatic heart disease in West and North Darfur compared with Kassala State: socioeconomic or genetic differences?

Sulafa Khalid M. Ali, Salah Hamid Mohamed, Hamida Mohammedain, Asmaa Mohamed Al Haj.


Abstract
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD), a preventable complication of group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal infection, is highly prevalent in Sudan. Echocardiographic (echo) screening has an established role in disease surveillance. This study aims to measure the echo prevalence of RHD using handheld echo (HHE) in West and North Darfur and Kassala states and initiate control programs. School children 10-18 years of age were selected from the three states and HHE screening was performed by trained paediatric residents supervised by cardiologists using a pretested protocol. Health worker training and public awareness sessions were carried out. The study was conducted between November 2020 and December 2021. In West Darfur, 1,547 children were screened, echo prevalence was found to be 17.4/1,000, and 22% had moderate to severe disease. In North Darfur, 800 children were screened and echo prevalence was 16.2/1,000, 23% had moderate to severe disease while in Kasala 2,225 children were screened and the prevalence was 3.1/1,000 and all cases were mild. One hundred and fifty-eight health workers were trained and 20,150 people benefited from health education sessions. The prevalence of RHD in Darfur is 5 times more than in Kassala. This may reflect socioeconomic and genetic differences between the two regions. RHD control in Darfur needs to be consolidated, and echo surveillance is an important tool for early detection and the institution of secondary prophylaxis.

Key words: Rheumatic heart disease; Sudan; Darfur; Kasala, Echo screening


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Sulafa Khalid M. Ali
Articles by Salah Hamid Mohamed
Articles by Hamida Mohammedain
Articles by Asmaa Mohamed Al Haj
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ali SKM, Mohamed SH, Mohammedain H, Haj AMA. Echocardiographic surveillance of rheumatic heart disease in West and North Darfur compared with Kassala State: socioeconomic or genetic differences?. Sudan J Paed. 2022; 22(2): 131-137. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1657904885


Web Style

Ali SKM, Mohamed SH, Mohammedain H, Haj AMA. Echocardiographic surveillance of rheumatic heart disease in West and North Darfur compared with Kassala State: socioeconomic or genetic differences?. https://sudanjp.com//?mno=78754 [Access: June 19, 2024]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1657904885


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ali SKM, Mohamed SH, Mohammedain H, Haj AMA. Echocardiographic surveillance of rheumatic heart disease in West and North Darfur compared with Kassala State: socioeconomic or genetic differences?. Sudan J Paed. 2022; 22(2): 131-137. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1657904885



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ali SKM, Mohamed SH, Mohammedain H, Haj AMA. Echocardiographic surveillance of rheumatic heart disease in West and North Darfur compared with Kassala State: socioeconomic or genetic differences?. Sudan J Paed. (2022), [cited June 19, 2024]; 22(2): 131-137. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1657904885



Harvard Style

Ali, S. K. M., Mohamed, . S. H., Mohammedain, . H. & Haj, . A. M. A. (2022) Echocardiographic surveillance of rheumatic heart disease in West and North Darfur compared with Kassala State: socioeconomic or genetic differences?. Sudan J Paed, 22 (2), 131-137. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1657904885



Turabian Style

Ali, Sulafa Khalid M., Salah Hamid Mohamed, Hamida Mohammedain, and Asmaa Mohamed Al Haj. 2022. Echocardiographic surveillance of rheumatic heart disease in West and North Darfur compared with Kassala State: socioeconomic or genetic differences?. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 22 (2), 131-137. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1657904885



Chicago Style

Ali, Sulafa Khalid M., Salah Hamid Mohamed, Hamida Mohammedain, and Asmaa Mohamed Al Haj. "Echocardiographic surveillance of rheumatic heart disease in West and North Darfur compared with Kassala State: socioeconomic or genetic differences?." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 22 (2022), 131-137. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1657904885



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ali, Sulafa Khalid M., Salah Hamid Mohamed, Hamida Mohammedain, and Asmaa Mohamed Al Haj. "Echocardiographic surveillance of rheumatic heart disease in West and North Darfur compared with Kassala State: socioeconomic or genetic differences?." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 22.2 (2022), 131-137. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1657904885



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ali, S. K. M., Mohamed, . S. H., Mohammedain, . H. & Haj, . A. M. A. (2022) Echocardiographic surveillance of rheumatic heart disease in West and North Darfur compared with Kassala State: socioeconomic or genetic differences?. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 22 (2), 131-137. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1657904885





Most Viewed Articles
Most Accessed Articles

  • Rheumatic heart disease in North Darfur: an alarmingly high burden and control initiative
    Nagwa Salih, Ishag Eisa, Daresalam Ishag, Intisar Ibrahim, Sulafa Ali
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 24-27
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.4

  • Feeding growth restricted premature neonates: a challenging perspective
    Siba Prosad Paul, Emily Natasha Kirkham, Katherine Amy Hawton, Paul Anthony Mannix
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(2): 5-14
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.106-1519511375

  • Congenital brain malformations in Sudanese children: an outpatient-based study
    Inaam Noureldyme Mohammed, Soad Abdalaziz Suliman, Maha A Elseed, Ahlam Abdalrhman Hamed, Mohamed Osman Babiker, Shaimaa Osman Taha
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 48-56
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.7

  • Evaluation of Science. [eng]
    Adnan Mahmmood Usmani; Sultan Ayoub Meo
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(1): 6-7
    » Abstract

  • Medical education and services in an extreme environment
    Mustafa Abdalla M. Salih, Mohammed Osman Swar
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 2-5
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.1

  • Most Downloaded
    Top Downloaded Articles

  • The role of micronutrients in thyroid dysfunction
    Amir Babiker, Afnan Alawi, Mohsen Al Atawi, Ibrahim Al Alwan
    Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 13-19
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.106-1587138942

  • Why mothers are not exclusively breast feeding their babies till 6 months of age? Knowledge and practices data from two large cities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Hafsa Raheel, Shabana Tharkar
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 28-38
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.5

  • Relactation in lactation failure and low milk supply
    Anita Mehta, Arvind Kumar Rathi, Komal Prasad Kushwaha, Abhishek Singh
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 39-47
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.6

  • Inborn errors of metabolism associated with hyperglycaemic ketoacidosis and diabetes mellitus: narrative review
    Majid Alfadhel, Amir Babiker
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 10-23
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.3

  • Neonatal polycythaemia
    Bashir Abdrhman Bashir, Suhair Abdrahim Othman
    Sudan J Paed. 2019; 19(2): 81-83
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.106-1566075225

  • Most Cited Articles
    Most Cited Articles

  • Anti-diabetic medications: How to make a choice?
    Amir Babiker, Mohammed Al Dubayee
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 11-20
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.12
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Commitment to the wellbeing of children worldwide. [eng]
    Mustafa Abdalla M Salih; Satti Abdelrahim Satti
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(2): 4-5
    » Abstract
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Pattern of malaria in hospitalized children in Khartoum state
    Hasan Awadalla Hashim, Eltigani Mohamed Ahmed Ali
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 35-41
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.4
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The role of micronutrients in thyroid dysfunction
    Amir Babiker, Afnan Alawi, Mohsen Al Atawi, Ibrahim Al Alwan
    Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 13-19
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.106-1587138942
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection
    Mutasim I. Khalil, Mustafa A. Salih, Ali A. Mustafa
    Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 10-12
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.1061585398078
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]