E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Seroprevelence of rubella among children suspected of having measles in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan

Mohammed Ahmed A. Ahmed, Ahmed Mohamedain, AbdelAziem A. Ali, Ishag Adam.

Abstract
While generally mild in children, rubella infection during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, fetal death or congenital rubella syndrome. Rubella vaccination is not yet available as a part of routine immunization in Sudan, and the burden of infection is unknown.
Using the clinical case definition adopted by the World Health Organization, a total of 123 children suspected of having of measles were enrolled in this study during January–December 2017 in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan. Those cases whose sera were negative for measles IgM antibodies were tested for rubella IgM antibody. A confirmed rubella case was a person who tested positive for rubella IgM. Sera were analysed for IgM specific antibodies against measles virus and rubella virus using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
Among the total 123 children suspected to have measles; 92 (74.8%) children were positive for measles IgM antibodies. Of the 31 children who had measles IgM antibodies negative; 20 (16.3%) children were seropositive for rubella IgM antibodies.
Implementation of a surveillance system will provide improved estimates of rubella virus and estimated the burden of congenital rubella syndrome. Such information is necessary and it is an important step for future policy decisions for vaccine delivery strategies

Key words: Rubella; measles; infection; Sudan


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ahmed MAA, Mohamedain A, Ali AA, Adam I. Seroprevelence of rubella among children suspected of having measles in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2019; 19(1): 14-18. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1548830177


Web Style

Ahmed MAA, Mohamedain A, Ali AA, Adam I. Seroprevelence of rubella among children suspected of having measles in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=28668 [Access: June 26, 2019]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1548830177


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmed MAA, Mohamedain A, Ali AA, Adam I. Seroprevelence of rubella among children suspected of having measles in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2019; 19(1): 14-18. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1548830177



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmed MAA, Mohamedain A, Ali AA, Adam I. Seroprevelence of rubella among children suspected of having measles in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan. Sudan J Paed. (2019), [cited June 26, 2019]; 19(1): 14-18. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1548830177



Harvard Style

Ahmed, M. A. A., Mohamedain, . A., Ali, . A. A. & Adam, . I. (2019) Seroprevelence of rubella among children suspected of having measles in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan. Sudan J Paed, 19 (1), 14-18. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1548830177



Turabian Style

Ahmed, Mohammed Ahmed A., Ahmed Mohamedain, AbdelAziem A. Ali, and Ishag Adam. 2019. Seroprevelence of rubella among children suspected of having measles in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 19 (1), 14-18. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1548830177



Chicago Style

Ahmed, Mohammed Ahmed A., Ahmed Mohamedain, AbdelAziem A. Ali, and Ishag Adam. "Seroprevelence of rubella among children suspected of having measles in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 19 (2019), 14-18. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1548830177



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmed, Mohammed Ahmed A., Ahmed Mohamedain, AbdelAziem A. Ali, and Ishag Adam. "Seroprevelence of rubella among children suspected of having measles in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 19.1 (2019), 14-18. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1548830177



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmed, M. A. A., Mohamedain, . A., Ali, . A. A. & Adam, . I. (2019) Seroprevelence of rubella among children suspected of having measles in Gadarif Hospital, Eastern Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 19 (1), 14-18. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1548830177





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