E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


Impact of lockdown during COVID-19 on glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus following at diabetes clinic, Omdurman, Sudan

Sara Ahmed Elrheima, Omer Osman Babiker.


Abstract
Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) is a novel pandemic disease. There have been many challenges for diabetic patients, which might have resulted in an increased risk of complications and significant lifestyle changes, including physical inactivity and psychological distress. This study evaluated the effects of lockdown on paediatric patients with type 1 diabetic mellitus (T1DM) in terms of acute metabolic complications and psychological deterioration. A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2020 and February 2021 at Mohammed Alamin Hamid Diabetic Clinic, Omdurman, Sudan. Data was collected from direct interviews with patients and their caregivers. Out of 208 children with T1DM aged from 1-18 years, 48.1% had persistent hyperglycaemia, and 20.6% had hypoglycaemia. Insulin doses were missed in 20.2% of them, glucose monitoring was not done in 28.8%, and 20.6% reported decreased physical activity during the lockdown. Mean HbA1c levels were the same in pre and post -lockdown periods. There was an insignificant relationship between physical activity, dietary changes, and glycaemic control (p values = 0.519 and 0.146, respectively). On the other hand, there was a significant weak positive correlation between psychological and behavioural disorders such as aggression, anxiety, isolation, and glycaemic control (p-value = 0.032, 0.002, and < 0.0001; r= 0.115, 0.135 and 0.169, respectively). The negative impact of the COVID-19 lockdown found on blood glucose measures and psychological status may correlate with glucose monitoring equipment shortage, lifestyle changes, and mood deterioration.

Key words: COVID-19; Type 1 diabetes mellitus; Lockdown; Children; Sudan.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
HTML Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Sara Ahmed Elrheima
Articles by Omer Osman Babiker
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

SAE, Babiker OO. Impact of lockdown during COVID-19 on glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus following at diabetes clinic, Omdurman, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2023; 23(2): 163-170. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1670090324


Web Style

SAE, Babiker OO. Impact of lockdown during COVID-19 on glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus following at diabetes clinic, Omdurman, Sudan. https://sudanjp.com//?mno=68556 [Access: June 16, 2024]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1670090324


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

SAE, Babiker OO. Impact of lockdown during COVID-19 on glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus following at diabetes clinic, Omdurman, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2023; 23(2): 163-170. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1670090324



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

SAE, Babiker OO. Impact of lockdown during COVID-19 on glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus following at diabetes clinic, Omdurman, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. (2023), [cited June 16, 2024]; 23(2): 163-170. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1670090324



Harvard Style

, S. A. E. & Babiker, . O. O. (2023) Impact of lockdown during COVID-19 on glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus following at diabetes clinic, Omdurman, Sudan. Sudan J Paed, 23 (2), 163-170. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1670090324



Turabian Style

, Sara Ahmed Elrheima, and Omer Osman Babiker. 2023. Impact of lockdown during COVID-19 on glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus following at diabetes clinic, Omdurman, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 23 (2), 163-170. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1670090324



Chicago Style

, Sara Ahmed Elrheima, and Omer Osman Babiker. "Impact of lockdown during COVID-19 on glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus following at diabetes clinic, Omdurman, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 23 (2023), 163-170. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1670090324



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Sara Ahmed Elrheima, and Omer Osman Babiker. "Impact of lockdown during COVID-19 on glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus following at diabetes clinic, Omdurman, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 23.2 (2023), 163-170. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1670090324



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, S. A. E. & Babiker, . O. O. (2023) Impact of lockdown during COVID-19 on glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus following at diabetes clinic, Omdurman, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 23 (2), 163-170. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1670090324





Most Viewed Articles
Most Accessed Articles

  • Rheumatic heart disease in North Darfur: an alarmingly high burden and control initiative
    Nagwa Salih, Ishag Eisa, Daresalam Ishag, Intisar Ibrahim, Sulafa Ali
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 24-27
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.4

  • Feeding growth restricted premature neonates: a challenging perspective
    Siba Prosad Paul, Emily Natasha Kirkham, Katherine Amy Hawton, Paul Anthony Mannix
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(2): 5-14
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.106-1519511375

  • Congenital brain malformations in Sudanese children: an outpatient-based study
    Inaam Noureldyme Mohammed, Soad Abdalaziz Suliman, Maha A Elseed, Ahlam Abdalrhman Hamed, Mohamed Osman Babiker, Shaimaa Osman Taha
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 48-56
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.7

  • Evaluation of Science. [eng]
    Adnan Mahmmood Usmani; Sultan Ayoub Meo
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(1): 6-7
    » Abstract

  • Medical education and services in an extreme environment
    Mustafa Abdalla M. Salih, Mohammed Osman Swar
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 2-5
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.1

  • Most Downloaded
    Top Downloaded Articles

  • The role of micronutrients in thyroid dysfunction
    Amir Babiker, Afnan Alawi, Mohsen Al Atawi, Ibrahim Al Alwan
    Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 13-19
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.106-1587138942

  • Why mothers are not exclusively breast feeding their babies till 6 months of age? Knowledge and practices data from two large cities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Hafsa Raheel, Shabana Tharkar
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 28-38
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.5

  • Relactation in lactation failure and low milk supply
    Anita Mehta, Arvind Kumar Rathi, Komal Prasad Kushwaha, Abhishek Singh
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 39-47
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.6

  • Inborn errors of metabolism associated with hyperglycaemic ketoacidosis and diabetes mellitus: narrative review
    Majid Alfadhel, Amir Babiker
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 10-23
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.3

  • Neonatal polycythaemia
    Bashir Abdrhman Bashir, Suhair Abdrahim Othman
    Sudan J Paed. 2019; 19(2): 81-83
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.106-1566075225

  • Most Cited Articles
    Most Cited Articles

  • Anti-diabetic medications: How to make a choice?
    Amir Babiker, Mohammed Al Dubayee
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 11-20
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.12
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Commitment to the wellbeing of children worldwide. [eng]
    Mustafa Abdalla M Salih; Satti Abdelrahim Satti
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(2): 4-5
    » Abstract
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Pattern of malaria in hospitalized children in Khartoum state
    Hasan Awadalla Hashim, Eltigani Mohamed Ahmed Ali
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 35-41
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.4
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The role of micronutrients in thyroid dysfunction
    Amir Babiker, Afnan Alawi, Mohsen Al Atawi, Ibrahim Al Alwan
    Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 13-19
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.106-1587138942
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection
    Mutasim I. Khalil, Mustafa A. Salih, Ali A. Mustafa
    Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 10-12
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.1061585398078
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]