E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Case Report 


Lutembacher syndrome variant: Rheumatic heart disease involving all four valves and associated with an atrial septal defect in a child

Noha Karadawi, Sulafa K M Ali.

Abstract
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children and young adults in developing countries. It results from throat infection with group A beta hemolytic streptococcus that proceeds to acute rheumatic fever (ARF). We
report a 13 years old girl from Darfur presenting with recurrent acute rheumatic fever for 4 years that led to affection of all her heart valves with severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitation together with moderate pulmonary and mild aortic valve regurgitation. There
was an associated atrial septal defect (Lutembacher syndrome variant). The disease was severe and led to cardiogenic shock and death while awaiting surgery. The case highlights the impact of RHD on young people and the need to implement control programs for RHD in Sudan.

Key words: Rheumatic Heart Disease, Quadrivalvular, Atrial Septal Defect, Lutembacher syndrome variant.


 
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Pubmed Style

Karadawi N, Ali SKM. Lutembacher syndrome variant: Rheumatic heart disease involving all four valves and associated with an atrial septal defect in a child. Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 64-67. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.9


Web Style

Karadawi N, Ali SKM. Lutembacher syndrome variant: Rheumatic heart disease involving all four valves and associated with an atrial septal defect in a child. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=284825 [Access: June 03, 2021]. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.9


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Karadawi N, Ali SKM. Lutembacher syndrome variant: Rheumatic heart disease involving all four valves and associated with an atrial septal defect in a child. Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 64-67. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.9



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Karadawi N, Ali SKM. Lutembacher syndrome variant: Rheumatic heart disease involving all four valves and associated with an atrial septal defect in a child. Sudan J Paed. (2017), [cited June 03, 2021]; 17(2): 64-67. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.9



Harvard Style

Karadawi, N. & Ali, . S. K. M. (2017) Lutembacher syndrome variant: Rheumatic heart disease involving all four valves and associated with an atrial septal defect in a child. Sudan J Paed, 17 (2), 64-67. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.9



Turabian Style

Karadawi, Noha, and Sulafa K M Ali. 2017. Lutembacher syndrome variant: Rheumatic heart disease involving all four valves and associated with an atrial septal defect in a child. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 17 (2), 64-67. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.9



Chicago Style

Karadawi, Noha, and Sulafa K M Ali. "Lutembacher syndrome variant: Rheumatic heart disease involving all four valves and associated with an atrial septal defect in a child." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 17 (2017), 64-67. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.9



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Karadawi, Noha, and Sulafa K M Ali. "Lutembacher syndrome variant: Rheumatic heart disease involving all four valves and associated with an atrial septal defect in a child." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 17.2 (2017), 64-67. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.9



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Karadawi, N. & Ali, . S. K. M. (2017) Lutembacher syndrome variant: Rheumatic heart disease involving all four valves and associated with an atrial septal defect in a child. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 17 (2), 64-67. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.9





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