E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


A study of red cell distribution width and neonatal sepsis at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan

Ilham Mohammed Omer, Bohisah Abdullah Abdalmajid Mohammed.

Abstract
Neonatal sepsis is one of the most critical illnesses in newborns with significant morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries. The present, cross-sectional, hospital-based, study was conducted to evaluate the association of red cell distribution width (RDW) with neonatal sepsis and its role as a predictive marker in the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis at Soba University Hospital, during the period July 2018 to April 2019. The study population was term neonates, aged 1-28 days, who were diagnosed with neonatal sepsis, with positive blood culture. A total of 111 full-term neonates had blood culture proven neonatal sepsis and the majority of them (100%, 90%) had positive C-reactive protein (CRP). The average RDW in this study was 19.3% and was elevated in 103 (92%) of the study participants with a significant association with positive blood culture. The majority (65%, 58.6%) of mothers of the studied neonates did not have an illness during pregnancy, 19 (17.1%) had diabetes mellitus, 9 (8.1%) had hypertension, in addition to other different conditions in 18 (16.2%). The common causes of admission of the studied newborns included respiratory distress (70%, 79%), jaundice (33%, 29.7%) and lethargy (28%, 25.2%). Staphylococcus aureus was the most common organism isolated from blood culture in 50 (45.0%) patients, and Escherichia coli was the least one, isolated in only one (0.9%) newborn. There is a significant association between positive blood culture, CRP and elevated RDW (p-value 0.01). RDW was found to be significantly elevated in the studied newborns with neonatal sepsis.

Key words: Newborn; Sepsis; Red cell distribution width; C-reactive protein; Sudan.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Omer IM, Mohammed BAA. A study of red cell distribution width and neonatal sepsis at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2021; 21(1): 42-47. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1597237251


Web Style

Omer IM, Mohammed BAA. A study of red cell distribution width and neonatal sepsis at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=124743 [Access: April 09, 2021]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1597237251


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Omer IM, Mohammed BAA. A study of red cell distribution width and neonatal sepsis at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2021; 21(1): 42-47. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1597237251



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Omer IM, Mohammed BAA. A study of red cell distribution width and neonatal sepsis at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. (2021), [cited April 09, 2021]; 21(1): 42-47. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1597237251



Harvard Style

Omer, I. M. & Mohammed, . B. A. A. (2021) A study of red cell distribution width and neonatal sepsis at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan. Sudan J Paed, 21 (1), 42-47. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1597237251



Turabian Style

Omer, Ilham Mohammed, and Bohisah Abdullah Abdalmajid Mohammed. 2021. A study of red cell distribution width and neonatal sepsis at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 21 (1), 42-47. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1597237251



Chicago Style

Omer, Ilham Mohammed, and Bohisah Abdullah Abdalmajid Mohammed. "A study of red cell distribution width and neonatal sepsis at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 21 (2021), 42-47. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1597237251



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Omer, Ilham Mohammed, and Bohisah Abdullah Abdalmajid Mohammed. "A study of red cell distribution width and neonatal sepsis at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 21.1 (2021), 42-47. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1597237251



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Omer, I. M. & Mohammed, . B. A. A. (2021) A study of red cell distribution width and neonatal sepsis at Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 21 (1), 42-47. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1597237251





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